Queueing Systems. Volume 1: Theory
Queueing Systems. Volume 1:
Presents and develops methods from queueing theory in mathematical language and in sufficient depth so that the student may apply the methods to many modern engineering problems and conduct creative research. Step-by-step development of results with careful explanation, and lists of important results make it useful as a handbook and a text.
- Brand: Leonard Kleinrock
- ASIN: 0471491101
Queueing Systems, Vol. 2: Computer Applications
Queueing Systems, Vol. 2: Computer
Queueing Systems Volume 1: Theory Leonard Kleinrock This book presents and develops methods from queueing theory in sufficient depth so that students and professionals may apply these methods to many modern engineering problems, as well as conduct creative research in the field. It provides a long-needed alternative both to highly mathematical texts and to those which are simplistic or limited in approach. Written in mathematical language, it avoids the "theorem-proof" technique: instead, it guides the reader through a step-by-step, intuitively motivated yet precise development leading to a natural discovery of results. Queueing Systems, Volume I covers material ranging from a refresher on transform and probability theory through the treatment of advanced queueing systems. It is divided into four sections: 1) preliminaries; 2) elementary queueing theory; 3) intermediate queueing theory; and 4) advanced material. Important features of Queueing Systems, Volume 1: Theory include- * techniques of duality, collective marks * queueing networks * complete appendix on z-transforms and Laplace transforms * an entire appendix on probability theory, providing the notation and main results needed throughout the text * definition and use of a new and convenient graphical notation for describi...
- ASIN: 047149111X
Performance Modeling and Design of Computer Systems: Queueing Theory in Action
Performance Modeling and Design of Computer Systems: Queueing
Computer systems design is full of conundrums: •Given a choice between a single machine with speed s, or n machines each with speed s/n, which should we choose? •If both the arrival rate and service rate double, will the mean response time stay the same? •Should systems really aim to balance load, or is this a convenient myth? •If a scheduling policy favors one set of jobs, does it necessarily hurt some other jobs, or are these "conservation laws" being misinterpreted? •Do greedy, shortest-delay, routing strategies make sense in a server farm, or is what's good for the individual disastrous for the system as a whole? •How do high job size variability and heavy-tailed workloads affect the choice of a scheduling policy? •How should one trade off energy and delay in designing a computer system? •If 12 servers are needed to meet delay guarantees when the arrival rate is 9 jobs/sec, will we need 12,000 servers when the arrival rate is 9,000 jobs/sec? Tackling the questions that systems designers care about, this book brings queueing theory decisively back to computer science. The book is written with computer scientists and engineers in mind and is full of examples from computer systems, as well as manufacturing and operations research. Fun and readable, the book is ...
- Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
- ASIN: 1107027500
Stochastic Network Optimization with Application to Communication and Queueing Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Communication Networks)
Stochastic Network Optimization with Application to Communication and
This text presents a modern theory of analysis, control, and optimization for dynamic networks. Mathematical techniques of Lyapunov drift and Lyapunov optimization are developed and shown to enable constrained optimization of time averages in general stochastic systems. The focus is on communication and queueing systems, including wireless networks with time-varying channels, mobility, and randomly arriving traffic. A simple drift-plus-penalty framework is used to optimize time averages such as throughput, throughput-utility, power, and distortion. Explicit performance-delay tradeoffs are provided to illustrate the cost of approaching optimality. This theory is also applicable to problems in operations research and economics, where energy-efficient and profit-maximizing decisions must be made without knowing the future. Topics in the text include the following: - Queue stability theory - Backpressure, max-weight, and virtual queue methods - Primal-dual methods for non-convex stochastic utility maximization - Universal scheduling theory for arbitrary sample paths - Approximate and randomized scheduling theory - Optimization of renewal systems and Markov decision systems Detailed examples and numerous problem set questions are provided to reinforce the main concepts. Table of Conte...
- Brand: Brand: Morgan and Claypool Publishers
- ASIN: 160845455X
Computer Networks and Systems: Queueing Theory and Performance Evaluation
Computer Networks and Systems: Queueing Theory and Performance
Intended for a first course in performance evaluation, this is a self-contained treatment covering all aspects of queuing theory. It starts by introducing readers to the terminology and usefulness of queueing theory and continues by considering Markovian queues in equilibrium, Littles law, reversibility, transient analysis, and computation, plus the M/G/1 queuing system. It then moves on to cover networks of queues, and concludes with techniques for numerical solutions, a discussion of the PANACEA technique, discrete time queueing systems and simulation, and stochastic Petri networks. The whole is backed by case studies of distributed queueing networks arising in industrial applications. This third edition includes a new chapter on self-similar traffic, many new problems, and solutions for many exercises.
- ASIN: 1461270294
Fundamentals of Queueing Theory (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics)
Fundamentals of Queueing Theory (Wiley Series in Probability
The definitive guide to queueing theory and its practical applications—features numerous real-world examples of scientific, engineering, and business applications Thoroughly updated and expanded to reflect the latest developments in the field, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fifth Edition presents the statistical principles and processes involved in the analysis of the probabilistic nature of queues. Rather than focus narrowly on a particular application area, the authors illustrate the theory in practice across a range of fields, from computer science and various engineering disciplines to business and operations research. Critically, the text also provides a numerical approach to understanding and making estimations with queueing theory and provides comprehensive coverage of both simple and advanced queueing models. As with all preceding editions, this latest update of the classic text features a unique blend of the theoretical and timely real-world applications. The introductory section has been reorganized with expanded coverage of qualitative/non-mathematical approaches to queueing theory, including a high-level description of queues in everyday life. New sections on non-stationary fluid queues, fairness in queueing, and Little’s Law have been added, as has expanded ...
- ASIN: 111894352X
Queueing Systems: Solutions
This manual contains all the problems to Leonard Kleinrock'sQueueing Systems, Volume One, and their solutions. The manualoffers a concise introduction so that it can be used independentlyfrom the text. Contents include: * A Queueing Theory Primer * Random Processes * Birth-Death Queueing Systems * Markovian Queues * The Queue M/G/1 * The Queue G/M/m * The Queue G/G/1
- ASIN: 0471555681
Optimal Design of Queueing Systems
Optimal Design of Queueing
The First Comprehensive Book on the Subject Focusing on the underlying structure of a system, Optimal Design of Queueing Systems explores how to set the parameters of a queueing system, such as arrival and service rates, before putting it into operation. It considers various objectives, comparing individually optimal (Nash equilibrium), socially optimal, class optimal, and facility optimal flow allocations. After an introduction to basic design models, the book covers the optimal arrival rate model for a single-facility, single-class queue as well as dynamic algorithms for finding individually or socially optimal arrival rates and prices. It then examines several special cases of multiclass queues, presents models in which the service rate is a decision variable, and extends models and techniques to multifacility queueing systems. Focusing on networks of queues, the final chapters emphasize the qualitative properties of optimal solutions. Written by a long-time, recognized researcher on models for the optimal design and control of queues and networks of queues, this book frames the issues in the general setting of a queueing system. It shows how design models can control flow to achieve a variety of objectives.
- ASIN: 1584880767
Sample-Path Analysis of Queueing Systems (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science)
Sample-Path Analysis of Queueing Systems (International Series in
Sample-Path Analysis of Queueing Systems uses a deterministic (sample-path) approach to analyze stochastic systems, primarily queueing systems and more general input-output systems. Among other topics of interest it deals with establishing fundamental relations between asymptotic frequencies and averages, pathwise stability, and insensitivity. These results are utilized to establish useful performance measures. The intuitive deterministic approach of this book will give researchers, teachers, practitioners, and students better insights into many results in queueing theory. The simplicity and intuitive appeal of the arguments will make these results more accessible, with no sacrifice of mathematical rigor. Recent topics such as pathwise stability are also covered in this context. The book consistently takes the point of view of focusing on one sample path of a stochastic process. Hence, it is devoted to providing pure sample-path arguments. With this approach it is possible to separate the issue of the validity of a relationship from issues of existence of limits and/or construction of stationary framework. Generally, in many cases of interest in queueing theory, relations hold, assuming limits exist, and the proofs are elementary and intuitive. In other cases, proofs of the exis...
- ASIN: 0792382102
Retrial Queueing Systems: A Computational Approach
Retrial Queueing Systems: A Computational
The application of auto-repeat facilities in telephone systems, as well as the use of random access protocols in computer networks, have led to growing interest in retrial queueing models. Since much of the theory of retrial queues is complex from an analytical viewpoint, with this book the authors give a comprehensive and updated text focusing on approximate techniques and algorithmic methods for solving the analytically intractable models. Retrial Queueing Systems: A Computational Approach also Presents motivating examples in telephone and computer networks. Establishes a comparative analysis of the retrial queues versus standard queues with waiting lines and queues with losses. Integrates a wide range of techniques applied to the main M/G/1 and M/M/c retrial queues, and variants with general retrial times, finite population and the discrete-time case. Surveys basic results of the matrix-analytic formalism and emphasizes the related tools employed in retrial queues. Discusses a few selected retrial queues with QBD, GI/M/1 and M/G/1 structures. Features an abundance of numerical examples, and updates the existing literature. The book is intended for an audience ranging from advanced undergraduates to researchers interested not only in queueing theory, but also in applied pr...
- Brand: Brand: Springer
- ASIN: 3540787240
Analytical Performance Modeling for Computer Systems: Second Edition (Synthesis Lectures on Computer Science)
Analytical Performance Modeling for Computer Systems: Second Edition
This book is an introduction to analytical performance modeling for computer systems, i.e., writing equations to describe their performance behavior. It is accessible to readers who have taken college-level courses in calculus and probability, networking and operating systems. This is not a training manual for becoming an expert performance analyst. Rather, the objective is to help the reader construct simple models for analyzing and understanding the systems that they are interested in. Describing a complicated system abstractly with mathematical equations requires a careful choice of assumptions and approximations. They make the model tractable, but they must not remove essential characteristics of the system, nor introduce spurious properties. To help the reader understand the choices and their implications, this book discusses the analytical models for 30 research papers. These papers cover a broad range of topics: processors and disks, routers and crawling, databases and multimedia, worms and wireless, multicore and cloud, etc. An appendix provides many questions for readers to exercise their understanding of the models in these papers. Table of Contents: Preface / Preliminaries / Concepts and Little's Law / Single Queues / Open Systems / Markov Chains / Closed Systems / Bot...
- ASIN: 1627052690
Max-Plus Linear Stochastic Systems and Perturbation Analysis (The International Series on Discrete Event Dynamic Systems)
Max-Plus Linear Stochastic Systems and Perturbation Analysis (The
This book provides a thorough review and explanation of the theory of stochastic max-plus linear systems, which has seen rapid advances in the last decade. The coverage includes modeling issues and stability theory for stochastic max-plus systems, perturbation analysis of max-plus systems, developing a calculus for differentiation of max-plus systems. This leads to numerical evaluations of performance indices of max-plus linear stochastic systems, such as the Lyapunov exponent or waiting times.
- ASIN: 0387352066
Stochastic Dynamic Programming and the Control of Queueing Systems (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics)
Stochastic Dynamic Programming and the Control of Queueing
A path-breaking account of Markov decision processes-theory and computation This book's clear presentation of theory, numerous chapter-end problems, and development of a unified method for the computation of optimal policies in both discrete and continuous time make it an excellent course text for graduate students and advanced undergraduates. Its comprehensive coverage of important recent advances in stochastic dynamic programming makes it a valuable working resource for operations research professionals, management scientists, engineers, and others. Stochastic Dynamic Programming and the Control of Queueing Systems presents the theory of optimization under the finite horizon, infinite horizon discounted, and average cost criteria. It then shows how optimal rules of operation (policies) for each criterion may be numerically determined. A great wealth of examples from the application area of the control of queueing systems is presented. Nine numerical programs for the computation of optimal policies are fully explicated. The Pascal source code for the programs is available for viewing and downloading on the Wiley Web site at www.wiley.com/products/subject/mathematics. The site contains a link to the author's own Web site and is also a place where readers may discuss developmen...
- ASIN: 0471161209
An Introduction to Queueing Systems (Network and Systems Management)
An Introduction to Queueing Systems (Network and Systems
Queueing is an aspect of modern life that we encounter at every step in our daily activities. Whether it happens at the checkout counter in the supermarket or in accessing the Internet, the basic phenomenon of queueing arises whenever a shared facility needs to be accessed for service by a ]arge number of jobs or customers. The study of queueing is important as it gravides both a theoretical background to the kind of service that we may expect from such a facility and the way in which the facility itself may be designed to provide some specified grade of service to its customers. Our study of queueing was basically motivated by its use in the study of communication systems and computer networks. The various computers, routers and switches in such a network may be modelled as individual queues. The whole system may itself be modelled as a queueing network providing the required service to the messages, packets or cells that need to be carried. Application of queueing theory provides the theoretical framework for the design and study of such networks. The purpose of this book is to support a course on queueing systems at the senior undergraduate or graduate Ievels. Such a course would then provide the theoretical background on which a subsequent course on the performance modeHing a...
- ASIN: 0306467348
Communication Nets: Stochastic Message Flow and Delay (Dover Books on Engineering)
Communication Nets: Stochastic Message Flow and Delay (Dover
Considerable research has been devoted to the formulation and solution of problems involving flow within connected networks. Independent of these surveys, an extensive body of knowledge has accumulated on the subject of queues, particularly in regard to stochastic flow through single-node servicing facilities. This text combines studies of connected networks with those of stochastic flow, providing a basis for understanding the general behavior and operation of communication networks in realistic situations.Author Leonard Kleinrock of the Computer Science Department at UCLA created the basic principle of packet switching, the technology underpinning the Internet. In this text, he develops a queuing theory model of communications nets. Its networks are channel-capacity limited; consequently, the measure of performance is taken to be the average delay encountered by a message in passing through the net. Topics include questions pertaining to optimal channel capacity assignment, effect of priority and other queue disciplines, choice of routine procedure, fixed-cost restraint, and design of topological structures. Many separate facets are brought into focus in the concluding discussion of the simulation of communication nets, and six appendices offer valuable supplementary informatio...
- ASIN: B00L8CP374