Isabel T. Kelly's Southern Paiute Ethnographic Field Notes, 1932-1934 (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Isabel T. Kelly's Southern Paiute Ethnographic Field Notes,
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 130 This publication presents the first volume (Las Vegas) of the early ethnographic field work of anthropologist Isabel T. Kelly. From 1932 to 1934, Kelly interviewed thirty Southern Paiute people from southeastern California, southern Nevada, and southern Utah about “the old ways.” During this time, she filled thirty-one notebooks, made several maps, took roughly fifty photographs, collected nearly 300 ethnobotanical specimens, purchased and shipped over 400 ethnographic artifacts to museums, and traveled more than 7,000 miles. Her notes comprise the most extensive primary ethnographic documentation of Southern Paiute/Chemehuevi lifeways of the middle to late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries existing today.Although Kelly intended to publish these notes, she was unable to before her death. Fowler and Garey-Sage have now synthesized the first set of these handwritten field notes and sketches, providing commentary and illustrations to put them in context for the modern reader. Kelly’s data, most of which could not be gathered anew today, are offered here for the use of generations to come.
- ASIN: 1607815028
The Archaeology of the Eastern Nevada Paleoarchaic, Part 1: The Sunshine Locality (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
The Archaeology of the Eastern Nevada Paleoarchaic, Part
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 126 The Sunshine Locality in the geographic center of the Great Basin has been the focus of scientific research since the mid-1960s. Authors Charlotte Beck and George T. Jones began studies there in 1992 and carried out excavations between 1993 and 1997 with the assistance of Hamilton College Field School. The area has yielded a rich and varied collection of diagnostic lithic tools, including fluted and unfluted lanceolate projectile points and a crescent, and a variety of gravers, scrapers, notches, and other tools common in Paleoindian toolkits across North America. This volume provides the first comprehensive treatment that combines historical research with the more recent studies. Analysis and interpretations of the stratigraphic sequence in Sunshine Wash are presented, including analyses of sedimentary textures and structure, depositional processes, and chronology. Faunal remains are used to evaluate local and regional environmental changes. Finally, the authors address the nature of the processes that created the archaeological record at Sunshine Locality, its age, and whether artifacts and remains of extinct mammals also recovered at the site are associated. This work begins to answer unresolved questions about the paleoenvironm...
- Brand: Brand: University of Utah Press
- ASIN: 0874809398
Cultural Resource Management in the Great Basin 1986-2016 (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Cultural Resource Management in the Great Basin 1986-2016
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 131 Cultural Resource Management (CRM) refers to the discovery, evaluation, and preservation of culturally significant sites, focusing on but not limited to archaeological and historical sites of significance. CRM stems from the National Historic Preservation Act, passed in 1966. In 1986, archaeologists reviewed the practice of CRM in the Great Basin. They concluded that it was mainly a system of finding, flagging, and avoiding—a means of keeping sites and artifacts safe. Success was measured by counting the number of sites recorded and acres surveyed. This volume provides an updated review some thirty years later. The product of a 2016 symposium, its measures are the increase in knowledge obtained through CRM projects and the inclusion of tribes, the general public, industry, and others in the discovery and interpretation of Great Basin prehistory and history. Revealing both successes and shortcomings, it considers how CRM can face the challenges of the future. Chapters offer a variety of perspectives, covering highway archaeology, inclusion of Native American tribes, and the legacy of the NHPA, among other topics.
- ASIN: 1607816806
The Archaeology and Rock Art of Swordfish Cave (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
The Archaeology and Rock Art of Swordfish Cave
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 129 Swordfish Cave is a well-known rock art site located on Vandenberg Air Force Base in south central California. Named for the swordfish painted on its wall, the cave is a sacred Chumash site. It was under threat from various processes and required measures to conserve it. Nearly all of the cave’s interior was excavated to create a rock art viewing area. That effort revealed previously unknown rock art and made it possible to closely examine how early occupants used the space inside the cave. They identified three periods of human use, including an initial occupation around 3,550 years ago, an occupation about 660 years later, and a final Native American occupation that occurred much later, between A.D. 1787 and 1804. The discovery of tools used to make the pictographs linked the art to the two early occupations, pushing back the generally understood antiquity of rock art on California’s Central Coast by more than 2,000 years. Two aspects make this study unusual: datable materials associated with rock art and complete removal of cave deposits. Well illustrated with photographs, maps, and drawings of both the art itself and the excavations and materials revealed therein, the book presents a rare opportunity to directly li...
- ASIN: 1607814579
The Paleoarchaic Occupation of the Old River Bed Delta (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
The Paleoarchaic Occupation of the Old River Bed
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 128 About 12,000 years ago, a major river ran from the Sevier Basin to the Great Salt Lake, feeding a wetland delta system and creating riparian habitat along its length. But after three thousand years the river dried up and the surrounding lands became more like what we see today. Because the Old River Bed Delta experienced less environmental and human disturbance than other areas, many of the Paleoarchaic sites found there have remained relatively intact—a rare find in the Great Basin. This book presents a comprehensive synthesis of a decade of investigations conducted by research teams working in different parts of the delta and explores questions about how the old riverbed was formed, how its distributary system changed through time, and how these changes affected early foragers. It concludes with an integrated summary and interpretation. Additional material from this study will be available online at UofUpress.com. Supplementary Material for The Paleoarchaic Occupation of the Old River Bed DeltaChapter 3 - SDM Trench and Locality Descriptions NovemberChapter 3 SDM Individual Channel Images NovemberChapter 5 - SDM Additional Lithic Artifact ImagesChapter 6 - SDM Results of XRF and PXRF AnalysisChapter 6 - SDM Source Assignment...
- ASIN: 1607813939
Surviving Adversity: The Sinagua of Lizard Man Village
Surviving Adversity: The Sinagua of Lizard Man
Based on more than ten years of field work, this is the only modern interpretive site report on the Sinagua culture.Lizard Man Village is one of many small settlements in the Flagstaff vicinity occupied by the Sinagua between AD 1050 and 1300. Generally considered affiliated with the Mogollon, the major archaeological culture group in central Arizona, the Sinagua inhabited a region where three distinct groups intersected: the Mogollon, the Hohokam, and the Anasazi.Sinagua survival strategy in this very arid region combined dispersed agriculture with hunting and foraging. It appears that an essentially egalitarian social system allowed flexibility to maximize wild resources and potential agricultural sites or vice versa. The area is characterized by a number of small villages that probably consisted of only a few families each. Precisely because Lizard Man Village is typical of such sites, the authors chose it for intensive fieldwork. According to them, "in its very ordinariness lies its importance."Based on the site report, the authors provide interpretations for comparison to other sites in the Southwest, as well as a detailed consideration of what went on at a small Sinagua village. Using material assemblages they present a picture of social organization through successive cult...
- Brand: Brand: University of Utah Press
- ASIN: 0874805759
The Garrison Site A Report of Archaeological Excavations in Snake Valley Nevada-Utah and Anthropological Papers
Glen Canyon Revisited: Anthropological Papers Number 119 (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Glen Canyon Revisited: Anthropological Papers Number 119 (University
This book is a revision of a report of similar title submitted as the final document deliverable under a contract between the Archaeology Laboratory of Northern Arizona University and the National Park Service. The contract report brought to a close a multiyear study of the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area that included almost five years of survey and limited testing throughout the recreation area, as well as collections and records research.The two objectives of this book are to examine specific issues about the history and lifeways of the prehistoric inhabitants in and around Glen Canyon and to present an updated version of regional culture history thirty years after the end of the massive archaeological study conducted prior to the creation of Lake Powell (the Glen Canyon Project).
- Brand: Brand: University of Utah Press
- ASIN: 0874805201
The Prehistory of Gold Butte: A Virgin River Hinterland, Clark County, Nevada (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
The Prehistory of Gold Butte: A Virgin River
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 127The Prehistory of Gold Butte uses a theoretical perspective rooted in human behavior ecology and other foraging models to present the results of one of the largest and most comprehensive archaeological investigations ever undertaken in southern Nevada, involving the systematic survey of more than 31,000 acres, the documentation of more than 377 sites, and the excavation of nine prehistoric sites. Gold Butte—at the crossroads of the Mojave Desert, the Great Basin, and the Colorado Plateau in southern Nevada—has a 12,000-year record of human occupation with archaeological elements that can be traced to all three culture zones. Dramatic developments occurred in this area of the Desert West. Farmers suddenly appeared in the Virgin River basin about 1,600 years ago. At such iconic sites as Lost City, Main Ridge, and Mesa House, full village and agricultural life developed over the span of a few hundred years only to completely vanish by AD 1250 after a series of droughts and other cultural disruptions. The Patayan held sway for several hundred years, between AD 1100 and 1500, but didn’t advance much beyond the Colorado River corridor. Finally, the Southern Paiute arrived and occupied not only the Virgin River basin and Gold Butte...
- ASIN: 160781305X
Prehistory Of Carson Desert and Stillwater: Anthropological Paper 123 (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Prehistory Of Carson Desert and Stillwater: Anthropological Paper
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 123 This study examines prehistoric use of the Stillwater Marsh in the Carson Desert of western Nevada and the adjacent Stillwater Mountains based on an archaeological survey undertaken in 1980 and 1981, and excavations conducted in 1987. Much of the argument about the use of wetlands revolved around whether they were used be sedentary hunter-gatherers, were just one stop of a family’s seasonal round, or were used only as backup resources. As a result, this report focuses on the issues of hunter-gatherer subsistence and mobility.
- ASIN: 0874806720
Main Ridge Community at Lost City: Virgin Anasazi Architecture, Ceramics and Burials (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Main Ridge Community at Lost City: Virgin Anasazi
Focuses on one of the sites investigated by M.R. Harrington in the 1920s, to carve out from the misleading connotations of "Lost City" a concept of a site that was a community, Main Ridge, and examines it for indications of its size and its organization, as well as evidence of social differentiation among the buried population, and its involvement in production and exchange.
- ASIN: 0874804116
The Washo Indians of California and Nevada, (University of Utah. Dept. of Anthropology. Anthropological papers)
Buzz-Cut Dune And Fremont Foraging at the Margin of Horticulture (University of Utah Anthropological Paper)
Buzz-Cut Dune And Fremont Foraging at the Margin
University of Utah Anthropological Paper No. 124 Buzz-Cut Dune is an important Fremont-culture village site located on the western margin of Dugway Proving Ground near the Utah-Nevada border. It was discovered during construction activity in 2000. Initial descriptions noted at least five structure floors apparently dating to the Fremont period (AD 500-1200) together with an array of ceramic, groundstone, and chipped stone artifacts. Full-scale excavations revealed a much more complex intermittent occupational pattern over a period of at least 5,000 years beginning with “Archaic” foragers up through proto-historic times. Throughout this sequence, site usage was characterized by short-term visits from mobile foraging groups. Although the Fremont practiced agriculture elsewhere, there is no evidence for it here, which bears on current discussions regarding the relationship between Fremont farmers and foragers.Buzz-Cut Dune and Fremont Foraging at the Margin of Horticulture is the site report of a well-planned regional excavation with a strong theoretical component.
- ASIN: 087480812X